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妙趣横生的英语习语集锦
作者:佚名    文章来源:本站原创    点击数:2611    更新时间:2008-11-17    
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文:不游泳的… 来源:新浪博客
英语中有一些独特的习惯用语或俗语,鲜活生动,多姿多彩。
  
  一、常见习惯用语
  
  a mixed blessing忧喜参半的事
  eg:Working in a big city is a mixed blessing.It is so convenient and comfortable there,but noise pollution and traffic congestion are two big headaches.
  a narrow escape九死一生
  eg:The residents ran out of the burning building in time,but it was a narrow escape.
  plain sailing一帆风顺
  eg:With the major obstacle removed,we should experience plain sailing from now on.
  don’t put on airs别摆架子
  what is done is done木已成舟
  kicking a man when he is down打落水狗
  pull out the evil by the roots斩草除根
  bad news travels fast恶事传千里
  bad workman always blames his tools技术差的工人埋怨工具不好
  east or west,home is best没有任何地方比家好
  easy come,easy go来得快,去得也快
  beaten road is the safest多人走过的路最安全
  
  二、动物有关的惯用语
  
  let the cat out of the bag暴露秘密
  eg:David was planning a surprise birthday party for Mary,but his new secretary let the cat out of the bag.
  a dark horse实力难测的竞争者
  eg:No one expected Jimmy to win,but he did win.He was a dark horse.
  the rat race激烈的竞争
  eg:In the rat race of today’s world,only the fittest survives.
  top dog处支配地位者
  a busy bee忙碌的人
  a cold fish冷漠无情的人
  an early bird早起的人
  
  三、与五官相关的习语
  
  父母亲常教导孩子,要多听:“to be all ears”,要多看:“to be all eyes”,要守口如瓶:“keep one’s mouth shut”,一个人受人控制时,就是被牵着鼻子走:“lead by the nose”。有些人自视甚高,难免鼻子朝天:“turn their noses up”。有些人喜欢打听人家的秘密,爱“nose into others’ affairs”。如果学生不听教诲,老师会说他左耳进右耳出:“in at one ear and out at the other”。一个有鉴赏音乐能力的人,可以形容他为“a person who has a good ear for music”。债台高筑时:“over head and ears in debt”。掉入情网,难分难舍时,可形容为:“head over heels in love with him or her”。报仇是“an eye for an eye”,方法之一是“give him a black eye”(打得眼圈发青)。
  
  四、与日、夜相关的习语
  
  every dog has its day凡人都有得意日
  what is done by night appears by day若要人不知,除非己莫为
  one’s days are numbered末日将临
  for a rainy day为困难的日子作准备
  
  五、与时间相关的习语
  
  pressed for time时间不足
  eg:I must hurry up.I am pressed for time at the moment.
  buy time争取时间
  eg:There are ten seconds left,but Jordan carried the ball steadily to buy time instead of passing it out.
  kill time消磨时间
  in no time很快地
  time and again屡次
  time’s up时间到了
  at the best of times当情况最佳
  behind the times过时的
  move/Keep up with the times赶上时代
  
  六、中文里与颜色有关的惯用语较特殊,英语也如此
  
  in the black盈利
  eg:Having paid off all the debts,the company is now in the black.
  in the red亏损;负债
  eg:Some financial companies are in the red,because of mismanagement and some unexpected bad debts.
  black and blue青一块紫一块
  eg:The shop-keeper quarrelled with a customer and was beaten black and blue.
  the black sheep of the family败家子
  eg:Among Mr Brown’s children,Alex did not behave himself and eventually became a social outcast.He was the black sheep of the family.
  in black and white写出或印出
  eg:I don’t want a verbal promise but an agreement in black and white.
  not so/as black as one is painted不如所形容的坏
  eg:Many people complained about Daniel’s behaviour,but he was not as black as he was painted.
    in a blue funk惊恐万分
  eg:Jenny has been in a blue funk since she failed in her first job interview.
  one in a blue moon偶尔为之
  eg:For lack of leisure,some working people went shopping once in a blue moon.
  green with envy非常妒忌
  eg:On hearing about Cathy’s promotion,Jane is green with envy.
  catch red-handed当场被捕
  eg:The shop-lifter stole something valuable and was caught red-handed.
  roll out the red carpet热烈欢迎
  eg:When a foreign dignitary comes to visit the country,the government often rolls out the red carpet for him.
  cut the red tape取消繁文缛节
  eg:If the local government can cut the red tape,a lot of work can be more quickly done.
  see red突然发怒
  eg:When Mrs Lin entered the guest room,it was in a mess;She saw red and scolded the maid for not tidying it up.
  turn as white as a sheet脸色变得很苍白
  eg:When the car driver received a traffic police’s summons,he turned as white as a sheet.
  a white lie善意的谎言
  eg:As I did not want to go to Tom’s party,I told him that I was busy.Such a white lie is better than hurting his feelings in other ways.
  a white-collar worker白领工人
  eg:A secretary is a white-collar worker,while road repairing is a blue-collar worker.?

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